澳门吉尼斯人

澳门吉尼斯人

行业动态

装配式建筑的前世今生

发布日期:2018.12.28 浏览次数(

laiyuan:zhongguojianshebao

在某些方面,装配式建筑超越了国界。譬如,一些建筑商、承包商和设计师都在世界范围内接项目,传播他们喜欢的理念、技术和方法。
 

美国:让住宅更容易买得起

zaimeiguo,chulezainiuyuemanhadunzheiyangcuntucunjindedikuaijianzaoguogaocengzhuzhaiwai,renmenjiuhenshaokandaogaocengzhuzhaile。

1998nian5yue4ri,shirenmeiguozongtongkelindunzhishifaqizhuzhaixianjinjishuheguqiye,mudeshichedigaishanmeiguodezhuzhaizhiliang,tigaochengbenxiaolv、naijiuxing、anquanxinghedikangtianzaidenengli。

澳门吉尼斯人1999caizhengniandumeiguozhuzhaixianjinjishuheguqiyedegongzuojihuashi“zaixiayige10nianqijian,heyingqiyeyaojizhongliliangqutantaohechuangxinzhuzhaibujiandeshejiheshengchanfangfa,jianshao50%deshijian,bixumaixiangzhiliangjishushichang。”youlezheixiejishu,jiukeyishengchanchumaideqiyouyoumeilidezhuzhai。zhuzhaixianjinjishuheguqiye、heyingqiyexiangmudehehuorenzhongyoudadezhuzhaijianzaoshang、chanpinhecailiaogongyingshangyijizhengzaiyanjiuhekaifazhuzhaichanyexinjishudexueshuyanjiujigou。zhuzhaixianjinjishuheguqiyejiqihezuohuobanyijingliechule150geyishangjieranbutongdejishu,leisichuangxinyijingjinxinglexianchangpinggu,bingchengweiguojiashifan。

澳门吉尼斯人zhuzhaixianjinjishuheguqiyejishukaifadedaolelianbangjijindezizhuhebokuan,jijiyanjiuxindehegenghaodefangshiqujiejuexianyouzhuzhaiwenti。zhuzhaixianjinjishuheguqiye(path)haichengdanzhezhengxiuxianyouzhuzhaiderenwu,tongguozengjiajueyuancailiaoheqianfenglaizengqiangzhuzhaideyuedongyuhanxingneng,bangzhutishengxuduozhuzhaidenengxiao。zhidezhuyideshi,zhuzhaixianjinjishuheguqiyedeyigezhuyaomubiaoshibayitaoxinzhuzhaimeiyuedeweihufeiyongjianshao20%,erbushizongchengbenjianshao20%。youcikejian,zhuzhaixianjinjishuheguqiyedemudeshixiangrangzhuzhaidezhangqifudanfeiyongzuijiahua。zhengfuweidaikuanshenqingrentigonghengaodefuzhaishourubidanbao,batazuoweiyigefeijishuxingcuoshi,shidezhuzhaigengrongyimaideqi。

澳门吉尼斯人meigezhuzhaixianjinjishuheguqiyexiangmudemubiaodoufenjiechengyigexiangjindezuzhitubiao。zheixietubiaomiaoshulexuyaozaixiayigexinde10nianlidadaodemubiaohuoxingdong。1999nian4yue,zhuzhaixianjinjishuheguqiyejindubaogaochenshu:jihuazhongdemeigehuodongdoushimiaozhunsuojiechudezhuzhaixianjinjishuheguqiyegongzuorenwuhezhuzhaixianjinjishuheguqiyexiangmuzongmubiao。

日本:约0.5%的营业额用于研究

澳门吉尼斯人ribenjianzhuchanyegongyangzhejudadechanpinyanjiuyukaifabumen,liugezuidadeguoneijianzhugongsixuyaoyizhaofalvtourudayue0.5%deyingyeedaoyanjiuyukaifashang。zheiliujiagongsimeijiameiniandejingxiaoshouedouyoujishiyimeijin,yineryongyouxiangdangkeguandeyanjiufeiyong。tamenchuleyaolvxingfalvyaoqiuwai,weilelingxianyujingzhengduishou,tamenhaihuinachuewaidezijin,gongyangzhejudadeyanjiuyukaifabumen。qiyenulijiashangzhengfujijinxiehui,shideribenchengweishijieshangzuidadejianzhuyanjiujidi。

ribenzaizhuangpeishizhuzhaijianzaochanyefangmianyoujigemingxiantezheng:

澳门吉尼斯人yishishichangjiegouhezhuyilifangzaiweiyongyousirentudidexiaofeizhetigongdingzhizhuzhaifangmian。

ershifangwudexingzhishiyigechanpin。

sanshixinjianjianzhuyouyoushi,danquefafadadeershouzhuzhaishichang。

sishiyouzhengfuhechanyexingchengyigedutedechuangxinkuangjia,baokuojianguanyijiyanjiu、kaifazhongdegonggonghesirentouzidoujizhongzaishengchanfangfahekehuxuqiushang。

wushiyichanyehuadegainianweishouduan,rangkehuxuanze,baozhengjianzhuzhiliangyijilinghuodexianchangshigong,erbushijiandan、yiweidijiangdichengben。

liushijiandingdichengnuokaifajianzaoguochengdedianzishujumoxing,bajianzhuwuzuoweichanpinshiyong,zheijiangdaozhishujudejicheng,bingqierangxiangguanrenyuandoucanyujinlai。

qishiziyuanjiaoliusixiang,youzhuyuzuoweiyigezhengtibumenlaifazhan。

ribenyouhendayibufenrenshenghuozailianjiedabanyujingdoude450gonglizhangdezoulangnei,zheiyiweizhemubiaojuzhuquyushiqingchuqiekekongde,zhuzhaitongchangdoushixiaoerjingde。ribenzuizhimingdeliujiajianzhugongsizhanjulequanguodezhuangpeishizhuzhai75%defene。zairiben,zuizhongyaodeshiyaokaolvdizhen,bingqieyingxiangzhetamendezhuzhaisheji。

ribenyouhenduofangwudejianzaorengranshizaixianchangwanchengde,liru,jihusuoyoudeneibuhewaibuzhuangxiu(chuledanyuanshiyushihechufanganliyiwai)yijijipaishuihedianqigongzuodeng,doushizaidanyuananzhuanghaozhihouzaixianchangwanchengde。

zaizhuzhaichanye,ribendezhanlveshibianjianzhuguochengweizhizaoguocheng。buguanribendezhengfuhaishishetuan,doucanyulexianjindejianzhuzhizaohekejichuangxin,xuduoribendezhuzhaidoushiliangzhujiegou,huomugujiaqiang,zaigongchanglijianzaoloucengmokuai,zaiyundaoxianchangzuzhuangheshuli。raner,jigexinxingzhuzhaijianzhuchuangxindouliyonglezhizaoyedechanpinjishu。

法国: 全境停止建造高层住宅

erzhanjieshuhou,weilekuaisujiejuezhufangwenti,faguozhengfucengjingshizhezaibalidiqujianzaoleyixiegaocenggongyu,danhenkuaijiufaxiancunzaizhehenduoshehuiwenti,yinerlijichache,zaifaguoquanjingtingzhijianzaogaocengzhuzhai。

jianada:zuzhiyanjiujiaoyushebeijihua

1965nian,jianadaandalveshengjiaoyubujiukaishiweixuexiaojianzhukaifazhixingyizhongguifanxitong。1961nianzaijianadaguanchexuexiaozujianxitongkaifajihua,jianadazuzhiyanjiulejiaoyushebeijihua,yi“gaishanxuexiaozhiliang,jianshaoguihuahejianzaoxuexiaosuoxudeshijianhechengben”。

kaifangxingxitongfangfayaoqiu,changshangfuzeyanjiuyukaifajianzhuxitongdezixitongbujian,kehufuzeweizheixiezixitongtigongxiangxideguigeyaoqiu、xingnengpinggu、(xitong)xianghuzhijiandejianrongxing。kaifangxingxitongfangfazhuyaodeyoudianshibutongdiqu,caiyongbutongjishudegezhonggeyangdezhizaoshangdounengmanzubutongzixitongtichulaideguigeyaoqiu。yinweichicunpeihehexingnengyaoqiujuyougongtongdeguigeyaoqiu,suoyijiukeyibabutongdezhizaoshangshejidezixitongjichengqilaixingchengyigewanzhengdexitong。

丹麦:政府为发展建立框架

澳门吉尼斯人weilejianlishihejianzhuchanyehuafazhandejibenyuanli,dayuezai1960nian,danmaidejianzhubumenhezhengfugefangzhijianjiukaishilehezuo。zheigezhengcexianzaichengweidanmaidekaifangxingxitongfangfa。

danmaikaifangxingxitongfangfadejibenguandianjiushiweigongchangzhizao,naizhineixiekeyizuhedaogezhongdulijianzhuxiangmulidejianzhubujianchuangzaoyigekaifangdeshichang。yizhaozheigejibenzhengcefangzhen,zhengfuderenwujiushiweifazhanjianlikuangjia,erjianzhuyezishenzeyaojinxingbiyaodejishuchuangxin。

澳门吉尼斯人zhengfufendanderenwubaokuoquedingquanguotongyidexingnengyaoqiujianzhuguifan;weilediyigewuniandefazhan,quedingyigezhangqijihua,yaoqiusuoyoujieshouzizhudezhuzhaidouyaoyizhaoyitaomokuaihuayuanlihebiaozhunlaiguihua,baozhengcaiyongmokuaihuachicundedutedezhizaojianzhubujian。zuoweihezuonulidechengjiujieguo,danmaijianzhuchanyedenenglibudao10nianjiufanlesanfan。

现状:装配式建筑应“百花齐放”

zi20shiji90niandaikaishi,zhongguodaluzaiquanmianzhankaizhufangzhidugaigedetongshi,kaifachuyitaoquanqiuduyiwuerde“xianjiaohunningtujianliqianggaocenghechaogaocengzhuzhaitixi”。jingguo30duoniandefazhan,xianzaibulunshi“beishangguangshen”,haishipianyuanxiaozhen,zhiyaoshifangdichanshangkaifadezhuzhaixiangmu,jibendoushicaiyong“xianjiaohunningtujianliqiang”zhuzhaitixilaijianzaogaocenghechaogaocengzhuzhai。

yucitongshi,woguoyuxianjiaozhuhunningtuxingyejingliletingzhiqi,yixiediqushenzhilelingjinyongyuxianjiaozhuhunningtujiegou, 20shijimozhi21shijichu,woguoyuxianjiaozhuhunningtuxingyejihuxiaoshengniji。

bizherenwei,yinggaibianxianjiaohunningtujianzhuyitongtianxiadejumian,yao“baihuaqifang、baijiazhengming”,gezhongjianzhucailiao、jianzhujiegou(gangjiegou、mujiegoudeng)、jianzaofangfadouyaocanyujinlai。yaoxianggaibianzheizhongqingkuang,jiubixuyaogaibianzhongguorenqianpianyilvdejuzhumoshi。

bulunshixianggang,haishishenzhen,douzhishiyizuochengshi,tanengfouchengweizhongguodalusuoyouchengshidezhuquguihuahezhuzhaishejiyangbanni?dangranshizhinengjiejian,bunengyuanyangzhaochao。

yaoxianggaibianzhongguorenxianzaidejuzhumoshi,nanduhenda。danruguobugaibianjuzhumoshi,neimeqitajianzhucailiao、jianzhujiegou、jianzaofangfadouhennanshunlijinruzhongguojianzhushichang。

xianzaikanlai,suizhejingjinji、zhangsanjiaochengshiqun、yuegangaodawanqudexinyilunzhongsu,chengshiqunhewanqujingjiyouwangchengweizhongguojingjizaichufadexindongli。ruguonenggoubaxianyujingjijingzhengmoshifangdachengchengshiqunhewanqujingjijingzhengmoshi,jiuyoukenenggaibianmuqianzhongguozheizhonggaocengshenzhichaogaocengdegaomidujuzhumoshi。


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